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Asian Topics in World History Asia for Educators Columbia University
China and Europe, 1500–2000 and Beyond: What is Modern?
Emperors and Reign Periods (PDF)
Timeline of Chinese Inventions (PDF)
China's Gifts to the West (PDF)
Chinese Ideas in the West (PDF)
Excerpts of Interest
Introduction: New Directions in World History, 1500–Present
Print Print
How To
... view videos
... change video bandwidth options
... watch interactive learning tools
... view PDF files
... print screens or documents
... save documents
... make a page load faster

Troubleshooting
• Browser scrollbars no longer work on the Mac
• Flickering bar at the top or bottom of video window
• JavaScript error messages
• Broken link or site not found
Browsers & System Requirements
• For IBM-Compatible PC
• For Macintosh
• Using Netscape
• Using Internet Explorer
• Using Safari
Please send comments, questions, and suggestions about this site to afe@columbia.edu.

 


HOW TO

... view videos
In order to view the videos in this unit you will need the free RealPlayer plug-in, version 8 or higher. To get the plug-in, download it here, and look in the fine print for the "Free RealOne Player" link. Long download times (up to a half-hour) can be expected on a 56K modem. It is not necessary or recommended that you purchase the premium versions of the RealPlayer plug-in that are featured on the RealPlayer site.

Macintosh users browsing with Internet Explorer may experience errors when playing RealPlayer files. If you are a Mac user, you may want to use Netscape Navigator 4.7 or higher instead.

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... change video bandwidth options
In RealOne Player:
1) Launch the RealPlayer application.
2) From the menu, select "Tools" and then select "Preferences."
3) In the "Category" window, select the "Connection" tab.
4) From the pull-down menu titled "Normal Bandwidth," select the type of connection you are using.
5) Click "OK."
6) Close the RealPlayer application and try replaying the video in the e-seminar.
Note: Above directions vary slightly for Mac users.

In previous RealPlayer applications:
1) Open the RealPlayer application.
2) From the menu, select "View," and then select "Preferences."
3) In the "Preferences" window, select the "Connection" tab.
4) From the pull-down menu titled "Normal Bandwidth," select the type of connection you are using.
5) Click "OK."
6) Close the RealPlayer application and try replaying the video in the e-seminar.
Note: Above directions vary slightly for Mac users. Some factors that cause video and audio instability are not related to connection speed settings (e.g., high traffic over the internet may cause "congestion" and decreased connection speed).

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... watch interactive learning tools
To view some of the interactive elements in the e-seminar, you will need the free Macromedia Flash Player, version 5 or later. Download the latest version here and follow the instructions for installation.

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... view portable document format (PDF) files
Some e-seminar excerpts are portable document format (PDF) files that require the free Adobe Acrobat Reader plug-in. Download here and follow the instructions for installation.

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... print screens or documents
Many screens in the e-seminar have print buttons on them. If one does not, you can use the browser's "File" menu and select "Print." Alternatively, you could use Ctrl-P on the PC and Cmd-P on the Mac.

If the right-hand side of the page is being cut off, you can reduce the print size, if you are using a Mac, or change the layout to "Landscape" following the directions below if you are using either a PC or a Mac.

To reduce print size on the Mac:
1) Select "Page Setup" option from the "File" menu
2) Click the "100%" next to the "Scaling" option. Change the setting to "90%."

To change to "Landscape" format on the PC:
1) Select "Print" from the "File" menu.
2) If you use Internet Explorer, click on "Layout" and then select "Landscape." If you use Netscape, click on "Properties" and then select "Landscape."
3) Click "Print" (Internet Explorer) or "OK" twice (Netscape). These new print settings will remain until you close your browser.

To change to "Landscape" format on the Mac:
1) Select "Page Setup" from the "File" menu.
2) Select "Landscape."

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... save documents
To save a PDF file, you can use Ctrl-S on the PC and Cmd-S on the Mac. Alternatively, use the browser's File menu to select Save. To save a web page or a transcript, you can use Ctrl-S on the PC and Cmd-S on the Mac.

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... make a page load faster
Downloading files and viewing pages mostly depends on your modem's connection speed. Also, faster computers will be able to display and run applications more quickly. If your machine seems to be having problems or you experience delays running Netscape Navigator 4.x or higher, you may want to download Internet Explorer 5.x/6.x (PC) or 5.x (Mac). As a general rule, Internet Explorer is less memory-intensive than Netscape Navigator.

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TROUBLESHOOTING

Browser scrollbars no longer work on the Mac
When Mac users with Internet Explorer 5.1 view sites that feature RealPlayer files embedded in the page, they may have difficulty scrolling through the window on that and subsequent pages. To circumvent this bug, users can hold down the Command (open apple) key and drag within the window. The pointer will change to show a hand. This allows the user to scroll through the window by "grabbing" it and pulling.

Switching to Netscape 4.7 and above will eliminate this problem altogether.

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Flickering bar at the top or bottom of video window
If you experience distortion, such as white flickering bars while viewing video, please follow these steps:

In RealOne Player:
1)
Close the window in which the clip appears. Locate the RealPlayer application on your computer. Click on the icon to launch RealPlayer. In RealPlayer, select "Tools" and choose "Check for Update" in the pull-down menu. A small window titled "AutoUpdate" will appear. Check RealPlayer's site for updates.
2) Once "AutoUpdate" has finished, it should give you a menu of options. Select "Video Drivers Update," if it is an available option. Otherwise proceed to the section below: If "AutoUpdate" does not solve the problem.
3) Click "OK."
4) "AutoUpdate" will download a small file and automatically install it onto your machine.
5) Attempt to play the video that was giving you trouble again. If it still does not display correctly, please proceed to the instructions below.

If "AutoUpdate" does not solve the problem:
1) Select the "Tools" menu and choose "Preferences" from the pull-down menu.
2) In the "Category" window click "Hardware".
3) In the "Video card compatibility" section, adjust the performance bar lower until "Enable optimized video and overlays" changes to read either "Enable optimized video and disable overlays" or "Disable optimized video and overlays."
4) Click "OK."
Note: Above directions vary slightly for Mac users.

In Previous RealPlayers:
1) Close the window in which the clip appears. Locate the RealPlayer application on your computer. Click on the icon to launch RealPlayer. In RealPlayer, select "Tools" and choose "Check for Update" in the pull-down menu. A small window titled "AutoUpdate" will appear. Check RealPlayer's site for updates.
2) Once "AutoUpdate" has finished, it should give you a menu of options. Select "Video Drivers Update," if it is an available option. Otherwise proceed to the section below: If "AUtoUpdate" does not solve the problem.
3)Click "OK."
4) "AutoUpdate" will download a small file and automatically install it onto your machine.
5 ) Attempt to play the video that was giving you trouble again. If it still does not display correctly, please proceed to the instructions below.

If "AutoUpdate" does not solve the problem
1) Select the "View" menu and choose "Preferences" from the pull-down menu.
2) Click on the "Performance" tab from the list of menu items.
3) In the "Video card compatibility" section, deselect/uncheck "Use optimized video display."
4) Click "OK."
Note: Above directions vary slightly for Mac users.

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JavaScript error messages
First, please make sure that you are using one of the required browsers for this e-seminar. For PC: Netscape Navigator 4 or above OR Internet Explorer 4 or above.For Macintosh: Netscape Navigator 4.7 or above or Internet Explorer 5 or above. Second, make sure JavaScript is enabled.

Do to this in Internet Explorer, look in "Internet Options–Security" in the "Tools" menu and use the "Custom Level" option to enable active scripting. To do this in Netscape, look in "Preferences" in the "Edit" Menu and use the "Advanced" option to enable JavaScript.

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Broken link or site not found
If you encounter a problem linking to any page on this site, please e-mail afe@columbia.edu.

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BROWSER AND SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

System requirements for IBM-Compatible PC
Windows 95 or later.
64 MB of RAM (128 or higher recommended)
Monitor: 800x600 pixel resolution recommended
Connection: Internet service and 56K modem minimum
Browser: Internet Explorer 4 or above (Internet Explorer 6 strongly recommended) or Netscape 4.7 or 7+. Netscape 6 is not recommended, click here for more information.
Sound Card (if you can hear audio you have a sound card)
Plug-ins: RealPlayer 8 or later, Macromedia Flash Player 5 or later, Adobe Acrobat Reader 5 or later

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System requirements for Macintosh
MAC OS 8.6 or higher
64 MB of RAM (128 or higher recommended)
Monitor: 800x600 pixels resolution recommended
Connection: Internet service and 56K modem minimum
Browser: Internet Explorer 5 or above or Netscape 4.7 or 7+. Netscape 6 is not recommended, click here for more information.
Sound Card (if you can hear audio you have a sound card)
Plug-ins: RealPlayer 8 or later, Macromedia Flash Player 5 or later, Adobe Acrobat Reader 5 or later

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Using Netscape
The Netscape browser is free. Download the latest version of Netscape and follow the instructions for installation. Netscape 6 is not recommended as it represents a major departure from previous Netscape browsers. As such, the web pages may not display as intended in Netscape 6. These problems should not occur with earlier (e.g., Netscape 4.7) or later versions (e.g., Netscape 7 or above).

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Using Internet Explorer
The Internet Explorer browser is free. Download Internet Explorer 5.x/6.x (PC) or 5.x (Mac) and follow the instructions for installation. PC users, please be aware that if you have a previous version of Internet Explorer, it will be overwritten when you download a later version.

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Using Safari
Safari is a browser for the Macintosh OS X platform. This website has not been tested to work with Safari. If you experience problems viewing the site with Safari, please try using Internet Explorer 5 for Macintosh.

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