Location [Stds. 1, 3]
Place [Stds. 4, 7, 9, 10]
Human-Environment Interaction [Stds. 8, 12, 14-18]
Movement [Stds. 11, 13]
Regions [Stds. 2, 5, 6]


 Standard 12: Process, Patterns,
and Functions of Human Settlement

TABLE OF CONTENTS
STANDARD 12 INTRODUCTION: TYPES OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Human settlements include those that are rural as well as those that are urban. Within East Asia, agriculturally-based settlements have existed in great variety, including nucleated settlements as well as dispersed villages.

Village settlements are the sites of residence for most of the population of Asia, even as increasing numbers of Chinese join Japanese and Koreans, who have moved in greater numbers from the countryside into large towns and cities.

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CASE STUDY: CHINA AND JAPAN, URBAN LIFE 1000-1900
// CHINA
.. URBAN LIFE DURING THE SONG DYNASTY, C. 1100

LINK: The Song Dynasty in China (920-1279) [Asia for Educators] Explore urban life in a 12th-century Chinese city during the period of the Song dynasty (960-1279). View images from the Beijing qingming scroll to learn about commercial, economic, intellectual, and social activities in a Song-dynasty urban center.

.. URBAN LIFE IN THE 17TH AND 18TH CENTURIES

LINK: Interactive Urban Mapper for 18th-century Suzhou [Asia for Educators] Select one of the three shopping districts for an up-close look at one of China's great urban centers of the 17th and 18th centuries. Explore the rest of this website — Recording the Grandeur of the Qing — for more on the art, economy, and government of Qing-dynsty China.

IMAGES: Woman traveling by sedan chair, Song dynasty (left); Store selling summer pillows made of white rattan, Qing dynasty (right)
// JAPAN
.. EDO (TOKYO) DURING THE TOKUGAWA PERIOD (1600=1868)
LINK: Travel Tokaido [PBS] Travel the Tokaido road and see various modes of transport (palanquin, horseback, boat) and wayside stations (inns, shops), as well as rural, mountain, and urban scenery along this famously depicted route. Part of the website Japan: Memoirs of a Secret Empire.

LINK: Welcome to Edo [NAJAS: National Association of Japan-America Societies] Edo, the ancient name for Tokyo, was the center of power, economy, and social life during the reign of the Tokugawa shogunate, even though Japan's emperor reigned in the imperial capital in Kyoto. Using maps, photos, and drawings, this website leads students through this magnificent city in times past.

ADDITIONAL LINK: Tokyo: Past and Present [Web Japan]

IMAGES: Traveling by palanquin on the Tokaido road (left); The Gyotoku salt field, Edo (right)
CASE STUDY: CHINA AND JAPAN TODAY, URBAN AND RURAL

LINK: The Power of Place: Geography for the 21st Century [Video On Demand, Annenberg Media] A series of 26 half-hour videos for high school classrooms. All videos are free and available online via Annenberg's "Video On Demand" service. Relevant to Asia are Program 9 (Changes on the Chang Jiang [Yangzi or Yangtze River]), Program 11 (A Challenge for Two Old Cities: Lanzhou and Shenyang), and Program 12 (Small Farms, Big Cities: Northern Japan, Tokyo). An accompanying series website presents maps, questions, extended activities, and relevant National Geography Standards for each program.

CASE STUDY: SOUTH KOREA. PAST AND PRESENT

LINK: Traditional Korea: Houses [Korea Tourism Organization] With images of traditional Korean houses and links to various tourist sites with traditional dwellings, both rural and urban.

LINK: Seoul Today: Photo Gallery [Seoul Metropolitan Government] Contrast the images of past and present in the "Then and Now" gallery and the "Old Seoul" gallery. Also see the video gallery and the VR gallery for images of Seoul today.

IMAGES: Myongdong, circa 1900 (left); Myongdong, present day (right)
CASE STUDY: VIETNAM. RURAL LIFE

LINK: Rice Farming and Rural Life in Vietnam [School of Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill] With images of rural life in Vietnam.

IMAGE: Two thatch-roofed houses elevated on wood columns, Mai Chau
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