Location [Stds. 1, 3]
Place [Stds. 4, 7, 9, 10]
Human-Environment Interaction [Stds. 8, 12, 14-18]
Movement [Stds. 11, 13]
Regions [Stds. 2, 5, 6]


 Standard 13: Cooperation and Conflict
Influence Division and Control of Earth's Surface

How forces of cooperation and conflict among people influence
the division and control of earth's surface

TABLE OF CONTENTS
STANDARD 13 INTRODUCTION: COOPERATION AND CONFLICT

Standard 13 covers the local — what the student experiences in his/her own life (postal zones, area codes, neighborhoods, etc.) — as well as the regional and the global.

Cooperation and conflict have contributed to the divisions of the world as we see them today, including political and economic divisions. Boundary disputes, tensions over larger territories, competition for scarce resources, and control of strategic sites all reveal the kinds of factors that frustrate global cooperation. Alliances based upon religion, resource availability, political beliefs, among many other factors, can be explored fruitfully from a geographic perspective.

CASE STUDY: CHINA'S FOREIGN POLICY

TEACHING UNIT: Taiwan and U.S.-China Relations [Asia for Educators] A teaching unit with discussion questions and two primary source readings: 1) Excerpt from the U.S.-China Joint Communiqué, Issued at Shanghai, February 27, 1972; 2) Excerpts from the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979.

CASE STUDY: JAPAN'S FOREIGN POLICY

READING: Japan's Foreign Policy and Role in the World Today [Asia for Educators] A short introduction to Japan's foreign policy, including summaries of Japan's relations with the U.S., Southeast Asia, Korea, Europe, the Persian Gulf nations, China, and Russia. With a short student activity.

CASE STUDY: THE KOREAN PENINSULA

LINK: Six Decades of Military and Political Tension in Korea [Wide Angle, PBS] The demilitarized zone or "DMZ" remains a cultural and political, as well as military, boundary between North and South Korea even after 50 years. In this lesson plan students identify North and South Korea on a map; identify the countries and bodies of water surrounding Korea; describe the history of Korea; compare the government and economies of North and South Korea; and describe the major conflicts and challenges of North Korea.

ADDITIONAL LINK: A State of Mind [Wide Angle, PBS] Companion website to the Wide Angle episode on life in North Korea. WIth photographs, an interactive quiz challenge, a timeline, and links to additional resources.

IMAGES: Two women bow to a 65-foot-high bronze statue of Kim Il Sung, downtown Pyongyang (left); South Korean soldiers inspecting the fence along the south side of the DMZ, 1975 (right)
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