- The Allied Occupation of Japan (1945-1952), headed by General Douglas
MacArthur and the American forces, leads to the third major historical
instance in which Japan deliberately borrows and adapts from other
countries. (The first is in the 6th - 8th centuries when Japan looks
to China for models during Japan's classical period; the second instance
is in the late 1800s when Japan looks to the West as it seeks to
modernize under the Meiji Restoration.)
- Japan renounces the use of force in Article 9 of the postwar constitution.
Strong public opinion prohibits the visits to Japanese ports of ships
carrying nuclear weapons. As the only country in the world to have
experienced the impact of an atomic bomb, Japan is said to have a "nuclear
allergy." Japan is protected, by treaty, under the U.S. nuclear
- Japan is a liberal democracy and a major economic power in the world
economy; its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is second only to that
of the United States.
- Japanese society is undergoing constant change, as is any society,
while unique cultural patterns from the past continue in a modern
- Japan continues to search for an international role commensurate
with its enormous economic power.
- The bilateral relationship between the U.S. and Japan, their close
economic and political relationship, is of central importance to
both countries and to their diplomacy in Asia and the world.