Central Themes and Key Points
KEY POINTS IN DEVELOPMENTS IN EAST ASIA >> 20th CENTURY BACK TO KEY POINTS TOC
Vietnam: 1945-2000
Time Period North (Major City: Hanoi) Central (Major City: Hue) South (Major City: Ho Chih Min City, formerly Saigon)
1945-2000 1945, Japanese defeat
 

Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent;
Establishes government in the north

French return after Japanese defeat;
United States and Britain support the French
  1954
 

• French defeated at Dien Bien Phu;
• Ho Chi Minh takes control of the north;
• Geneva conference;
• Vietnam divided into North and South;
• elections proposed for 1956 but never held.

  1956-1975, Vietnam War
  1965: United States involvement in South Vietnam replaces that of the French
  1968: Tet offensive
  1975, United States and all foreign support leave Vietnam
 

• North Vietnam takes control of South Vietnam and establishes a unified country
• Name of Saigon changed to "Ho Chi Minh City," after Ho, who died before country united

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