Central Themes and Key Points
KEY POINTS IN DEVELOPMENTS IN EAST ASIA >> 20th CENTURY BACK TO KEY POINTS TOC
Vietnam as a Colony of France, 1862-1954, and Japanese Invasion
Time Period North (Major City: Hanoi) Central (Major City: Hue) South (Major City: Ho Chih Min City, formerly Saigon)
1750-1919

Tale of Kieu (epic poem in Chu Nom, Vietnamese characters), written by Nguyen Du (1765-1820)

   
    1771-1802  
    Tay Son Rebellion  
  Tay Son brothers defeat Nguyen and Trinh and unify country  
1900-1945 1802-1945, Nguyen dynasty unites entire country
 

• established by Nguyen Anh, a southern prince, who fought and defeated the Tay Son to become the Gia-long Emperor; moved the capital to Hue in the center of the country.
• the second Nguyen ruler adopts a Chinese bureaucratic model, with scholar-officials chosen by examinations in the Confucian classics.

  1862-1945, French control Vietnam, dividing it into three "pays" (countries)
  Tonkin Annam Cochin-China
 

Hanoi is capital of French Indochine, including Laos and Cambodia
• Romanized script, “Quoc ngu,” developed in the 17th century by missionaries to write Vietnamese language, is made official; literacy rate increases

    1908  
 

 

Tax revolt in Annam  
  1925    
 

• Phan Chu Trinh dies
• Phan Boi Chau on trial
• Student activism begins

   
  1930

 

 
 

Indochinese Communist Party formed by Ho Chi Minh to oppose colonial rule

   
  1940-1945, Japanese Invasion and domination
  1941: League for the Independence of Vietnam formed by Ho Chi Minh ("Viet Minh")

 

 

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