Under Mongol rule, merchants had a higher status than they
had in traditional China. During their travels they could
rest and secure supplies through a postal-station
system that the Mongols had established.
The postal-station system was, of course, originally devised
to facilitate the transmission of official mail from one part
of the empire to another. Set up approximately every 20 miles
along the major trade routes and stocked with supplies of
food, horses, and lodging, the stations were an incredible
boon to all travelers, whether they were traveling for business
Under the Mongols, merchants also had the benefit of not
being faced with confiscatory taxation, as was the case during
the rule of the traditional Chinese dynasties.
Support for trade characterized not only Mongol policy in
China but their policy throughout their domains. In Persia
the Mongols granted higher tax breaks and benefits to traders
in an effort to promote commerce. The Mongols even tried to
introduce paper money into Persia though this would
become merely a failed experiment. Nonetheless, the attempt
indicates the desire of the Mongols to provide additional
assistance to traders.