One of the most characteristic and original Chinese art forms is the painted hand scroll. It dates back to at least the Period of Disunity (4th C. C.E.) and achieved a high level of sophistication in the Tang and Song Dynasties (618 – 906 and 960 – 1279, respectively). Landscape was the pre-eminent subject of these scrolls. Tang and Song landscape painters evolved an artistic vocabulary that was venerated by later artists, such as the Orthodox School of the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911). Wang Hui, the most celebrated artist of his day, was an Orthodox painter who was selected by the Qing Kangxi Emperor (1654 – 1722) to document his second Southern Inspection Tour of 1689. Wang Hui and his assistants recorded that tour in a set of 12 scrolls, two of which (Scrolls III and VII) are accessible in interactive images at: http://www.learn.columbia.edu/nanxuntu/start.html.