Teachers’ Guide with Study Questions: China and Europe, 1500-2000

 
 

Bram Hubbell, The Friends Seminary, Brooklyn, New York

Menu:

Introduction
What do We Mean by "Modern"?
Rethinking the Industrial Revolution
(AP World History: 1450-1750 and 1750-1914 units)
China and Europe: the New Units of Analysis
China and Europe: 1500-1800
(AP World History: 1450-1750 unit)
China and Europe: 1780-1937
(AP World History: 1450-1750 and 1750-1914 units)
China Achieves a Modern State
(AP World History: 1914- present unit)
Conclusion: Issues for the 21st Century
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Lesson Plan(PDF)

China and Europe, 1500-2000 and Beyond: What is "Modern"?

Teachers’ Guide with Study Questions: China and Europe, 1500-2000

Lessons:

Rethinking the rise of the West: The Great Divergence Debate

Rethinking the rise of the West: Global Commodities

Standards of Modernity – China and Europe

Parallels in England and the Yangzi Basin of China in the 1800s

China and Europe: 1780-1937

* This section of the website corresponds to the 1450-1750 and 1750-1914 units of Advanced Placement World History

Summary

In the sixth section, Pomeranz and Wong use Jan De Vries’ concept of the "Industrious Revolution" to describe the global economic transformation that occurred between 1500 and 1800.

Key Terms/Vocabulary

Industrious Revolution
leisure time
consumption
fossil fuels
coal
steam engines
New World
core/periphery
Asian trade boom

Study Questions

  1. How did people pay for the increasing price of bread, as well as other new items, in Europe? How did people pay for the increasing price of rice, as well as other new items, in China?
  2. What happened to the amount of leisure time that people had in the period between 1500 and 1800?
  3. How do the rates of consumption of nonessential goods in England and the Yangzi delta compare?
  4. How does the ecological transformation of China and Europe compare in 1800?
  5. Why was Western Europe and England, in particular, more easily able to access its coal deposits than China?
  6. What different factors contributed to the success of the steam engine in Europe
  7. How did the New World help to ease the demand for raw materials in Europe? How else did the New World benefit Europe?
  8. Why did China’s inland peripheries decline in the nineteenth century?
  9. What was the Asian trade boom of the late nineteenth century? How did it affect the coastal regions of China?
  10. How did the decline in the peripheries affect the economic development of China’s coastal core?
  11. How did the economic development of Asia in the nineteenth century differ from the development of Africa? How does this difference affect our overall picture of nineteenth century Asia?

Discussion Questions

What does the economic development of Asia in the nineteenth century tell us about the use of broad, geographic-based generalizations? What issues do we need to consider when making generalizations in world history?

From other readings, can you discuss: