In English, “china” has become synonymous with dinnerware. Already in Song times China was a ceramics-exporting country.
Song kilns produced many kinds of cups, bowls, and plates, as well as boxes, ink slabs, and pillows (headrests). Techniques of decoration ranged from painting and carving to stamping and molding. Some kilns could produce as many as 20,000 objects a day for sale at home and abroad. Shards of Song porcelain have been found all over Asia (see Outside World: International Trade).
More about Song Dynasty Ceramics
• Guide to Chinese Ceramics: Sung (Song) Dynasty [Minneapolis Institute of Arts]
An excellent guide, with many examples of different types of ceramic ware produced during the Song dynasty, including many of the wares shown above — ding (ting), qingbai (ch’ing-pai), longquan (lung-ch’uan), jun (chun), guan (kuan), and cizhou (tz’u-chou).
• Making a Cizhou Vessel [Princeton University Art Museum]
A fun interactive website that takes the user through seven steps of creating a Cizhou vessel like the ones produced in Northern China during the Song and Yuan dynasties.
Legend of Ju Ware: A Special Exhibition of Ju Ware from the Northern
Sung Dynasty [National Palace Museum]
A multimedia website about Ju ware, produced in the later Northern Sung dynasty (12th century). Three topics — Qualities, Connoisseurs, Origin — plus an Explore section and a Dictionary (Resources) section.