For Teachers: Lessons

Rethinking the rise of the West: Global Commodities

Konstantin Georgidis, Canterbury School, Ft. Myers, Florida


  1. "Early Warning," by Nayan Chanda, Far Eastern Economic Review, 162/23, June 10, 1999.
  2. Dennis O. Flynn and Arturo Giráldez, "Cycles of Silver: Global Economic Unity through the Mid-Eighteenth Century," Journal of World History 13, no. 2 (2002): 391–427.
  3. Frank, Andre Gunder. 1998. Reorient: Global Economy in the Asian Age. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  4. Goldstone, Jack. 1991. Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  5. Goldstone, Jack. 1998. "The Problem of the 'Early Modern' World." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 41, 3: 249–284.
  6. Goldstone, Jack. 2000. "The Rise of the West—or Not? A Revision"
  7. R. Bin Wong, China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000)
  8. Kenneth Pomeranz, The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, reprint edition, 2001)
  9. William Atwell, "International Bullion Flows and the Chinese Economy circa 1530-1650," Past and Present 95 (1982): 68-90.
  10. Hang-Sheng Chuan, "The Inflow of American Silver into China from the Late Ming to the Mid-Ch'ing Period," The Journal of the Institute of Chinese Studies of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, vol. 2 (1969): 61-75.
  11. Harry E. Cross, "South American Bullion Production and Export, 1550-1750," in Precious Metals in the Later Medieval and Early Modern Worlds, ed. J. F. Richards (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1983): 397-424.
  12. Dennis O. Flynn and Arturo Giraldez, "Born with a 'Silver Spoon': The Origin of World Trade in 1571," Journal of World History, vol. 6, no. 2 (1995): 201-21.
  13. Richard L. Garner, "Long-Term Silver Mining Trends in Spanish America: A Comparative Analysis of Peru and Mexico," The American Historical Review, vol. 93, no. 4 (1988): 898-935.