600 to 1000: Expanding Zones of Exchange and Encounter
Sui 589 to 618
Tang 618 to 906 — 5 dynasties, 10 kingdoms, Lio
Asuka 538 to 710
Nara 710 to 794
Early Heian 794 to ca.900
Late Heian ca.900 to 1185
3 Kingdoms
Unified Silla 668 to 935 — (Later Koguryo, Paekche, Parhae)
Pre-Angkor Period (Cambodia) 550 to 802
Angkor Period (Cambodia, at times incl. Vietnam)
Powerful regional states, incl. Pallava, Pandya, Chalukya, Chola 500 to 1300
Vietnam & SE Asia


Chinese Rule over Viet Regions Continues under the Tang Dynasty, but Ends by the Mid-10th Century

Vietnam [Asia Society]
"A short essay on Vietnam's geopolitical history, from pre-civilization times to the 20th century."

Southeast Asia, 500-1000 A.D. [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"In both mainland and island Southeast Asia, smaller confederacies amalgamate into larger polities. The Dvaravati kingdom of the Mon speakers and the various Pre-Angkorian sites associated with the Khmers are the best known on the mainland. The accession of Jayavarman II in the early ninth century marks the beginning of the powerful Angkor dynasty that will control much of the region from the tenth through the thirteenth century. The Shailendras, who control the maritime realm of Shrivijaya in the eighth and ninth centuries, and build the famed Borobudur, are prominent in Indonesia." With a period overview, list of key events, and ten related artworks.


Chữ Nôm

What Is Nôm? [Vietnamese Nôm Preservation Foundation]
A short introduction to Chữ Nôm, "the ancient 'ideographic vernacular script' of the Vietnamese language."

Vietnamese (tiếng việt) [Omniglot]
An excellent overview of the Vietnamese language.


Cao Vuong

Primary Source w/DBQsCao Vuong (Cao Bien) [PDF] [Asia for Educators]
When a Chinese official tried to double the price of salt traded for the valuable mountain goods, the chieftains rebelled and Nanzhao joined them in an invasion of the lowlands in the 860s. China sent an official, Cao Bien (known to later Vietnamese as Cao Vuong [King Cao]), to drive the invaders out and stabilize the Protectorate.

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