World History for Us All Bridging World History The Metropolitan Museum of Art Hyperhistory.com
Big Era 5: 300 - 1500 CE Unit 7: The Spread of Religions World Regions: 1-500 A.D.
World Regions: 500-1000 A.D.
1-500
KOREA: HISTORY-ARCHAEOLOGY
Three Kingdoms Period: Koguryô, Paekche, and Silla (57 BCE to 668 CE);
Kaya Federation (42 to 562 CE)

Korea, 1-500 A.D. [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"With the destruction of the Han Chinese military commandery Lelang in 313 A.D., and the division of the peninsula among the three kingdoms of Koguryô (in the north), Paekche (in the southwest), and Silla (in the southeast), along with the small confederation of city-states known as the Kaya Federation (in the region between Paekche and Silla), a critical new era in Korean history dawns." With a period overview, list of key events, and six related artworks.

Three Kingdoms, Korea [The Art of Asia, Minneapolis Institute of Arts]
"From the first century B.C. until the 7th century, Korea was divided into three states." A brief one-paragraph overview of the Koguryô, Paekche and Silla kingdoms of Korea, along with images of three objects representative of the period.

Golden Treasures: The Royal Tombs of Silla [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
A short introduction, with images of six artifacts, of which four are found in the museum's collection.

| back to top |

RELIGION, PHILOSOPHY, THOUGHT
Buddhism Reaches Korean Peninsula, 372 CE;
Buddhism Officially Recognized as State Religion by Silla, 552 CE

Korean Buddhist Sculpture (5th-9th Century) [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
An excellent overview, with images of five sculptures, of which two are found in the museum's collection.

The Origins of Buddhism [Asia Society]
"A short essay that explores how Buddhism grew out of Hinduism and spread from India to the rest of Asia. How does Buddhism vary from place to place, sect to sect? Learn about how the spread of ideas combine of new beliefs with existing thoughts and practices."

Interactive Map The Spread of Buddhism [Pacific Asia Museum]
To access the map from the main page of this Flash website, select any of the four topics, then select 'Timeline & Map' from the menubar at the bottom of the page. A timeline-map of the Buddha's life will appear first. Select 'Spread of Buddhism' at the bottom-right to get to the interactive timeline-map showing the spread of Buddhism. There is also a PDF version of the map available on the HTML version of the website.

Foundations and Transformations of Buddhism: An Overview [ExEAS, Columbia University]
These materials are designed to serve as background materials on what Buddhism is, how it developed and spread, and how Buddhist traditions differ.

Ox-Herding: Stages of Zen Practice [ExEAS, Columbia University]
The ten ox-herding pictures and commentaries presented here depict the stages of practice leading to the enlightenment at which Zen (Chan) Buddhism aims. The story of the ox and oxherd is an old Taoist story, updated and modified by a twelfth-century Chinese Buddhist master to explain the path to enlightenment.

Buddhist Art in East Asia: Three Introductory Lessons Towards Visual Literacy [ExEAS, Columbia University]
The most immediate goal of this unit is to familiarize students with a few examples from the vast array of East Asian Buddhist art. A more general goal is to achieve visual literacy, which means being able to analyze and articulate how art conveys meaning to and solicits reactions from its audience.

AFE Special Topic Guide Buddhism [OMuRAA, Asia for Educators]
AFE's compilation of recommended resources about Buddhism on OMuRAA, Online Museum Resources on Asian Art.

| back to top |

SOCIETY
Sondok, Silla Queen (ca. 582-647)

Ten Essential Women for a World History Class: Sondok, Silla Queen [World History Connected, University of Illinois]
Article about Queen Sondok, who "fought off rival kingdoms and the Chinese to continue the consolidation of Korea, built major temples, the oldest existing observatory in Asia, and bolstered Buddhist links between China and Japan."

Queen Sondok, Silla Dynasty [Women in World History]
A brief overview of Queen Sondok's life and times.

Lesson Plan Famous Koreans: Six Portraits: Queen Sondok [Education About Asia, Association for Asian Studies]
Lesson plan designed "to provide an opportunity for students to learn about famous Koreans through readings and/or dramatizations." Brief overviews of the lives of six notable figures in Korea's history, including the Silla Queen, Sondok. Each overview is imagined as a first-person narrative written by the historical figure.

| back to top |

© 2009 Asia for Educators, Columbia University