As in earlier cities, the highest
structure in , the Northern
Song’s capital, was a .
Although pagodas do not appear in this scroll, they dominated the skyline
of many cities during the Song dynasty, as they had in the Tang dynasty.
Like the spires of Europe’s cathedrals and churches, the city pagoda
was often the first thing the traveler would see as he approached a city
or town. (The city we see in the Beijing qingming scroll is unusual in
having only one relatively obscure temple.)
flourished in the Tang and Song dynasties
along with religious and (referred
to as “Neo-Confucianism”).
• Youguo Temple Iron Pagoda in Kaifeng of Henan Province [China Internet Information Center]
With a short description of the 11th-century “Iron Pagoda” in Kaifeng. Built in 1049, the pagoda is not actually made of iron, but its reddish glazed bricks and tiles give it that appearance.
• Kaifeng, pagode de fer (Kaifeng Iron Pagoda) [Jacques-Edouard Berger Foundation: World Art Treasures Slide Library]
With many detailed images of the Kaifeng “Iron Pagoda.”