India: A Historical Overview [Asia
Background reading about "the people and characteristics of India's
historical eras, from the early Indus River Valley civilization, through
the Mughal period to present day."
South Asia, North, 1000-1400 A.D. [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"Buddhism fades as a powerful force in most parts of the north, while Islam
finds its place within the South Asian cultural and religious landscape. Sanskrit
learning reaches new heights in peripheral areas like Kashmir, while central seats
of power in the north are occupied increasingly by rulers of West and Central Asian
a period overview, list of key events, and six related artworks.
South Asia, South, 1000-1400 A.D. [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"Central India remains contested by various major powers—each developing
a distinctive but related artistic style—until the ascendancy of Turkish–Central
Asian dynasties at the end of the period. Buddhism, once a powerful religious and
cultural force in the south, disappears in all but Sri Lanka, where it flourishes
into the modern period." With a period overview, list of key events, and seven
Story of India: The Meeting of Two Oceans [PBS]
Excellent annotated timeline with text, images, and video clips throughout.
of the Delhi Sultanate [University of Washington,
Simpson Center for the Humanities]
"In the late twelfth century, the Ghurid dynasty, whose homeland was just northwest
of Kabul in Afghanistan, extended its power throughout northern India. For a time,
the Ghurid state encompassed all the territory from Herat to Bengal; its rule was
significant in bringing Central Asian Islamic culture to India. The Turkic slave
commanders of the Ghurids established the Delhi Sultanate when the Ghurid empire
disintegrated." With images.
of the Deccan [Timeline
of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"The "Deccan" (derived from Dakshina) is a geographical term that
refers to the plateau in south central India still ruled by Hindu kings when the
first Muslim sultanates of India were established in Delhi." This essay discusses
the cultural and political developments in the Deccan region during the rule of the
Bahmanids (1347-1528). With eleven images of related artwork and architecture.
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