SOUTH ASIA: HISTORY-ARCHAEOLOGY
Mughal Dynasty (1526-1858)

India: A Historical Overview [Asia Society]
Background reading about "the people and characteristics of India's historical eras, from the early Indus River Valley civilization, through the Mughal period to present day."

South Asia, 1600-1800 A.D. [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"At the start of this period, the Mughal dynasty is at the height of its power, having been secured and consolidated by Akbar (d. 1605). Under his successors in the seventeenth century, more of the subcontinent is incorporated into the Mughal empire as the rulers of the Deccan are finally conquered and become Delhi's feudatories." With a period overview, list of key events, and ten related artworks.

Mughal India [The British Museum]
"This website presents a museum's 'Students' Room.' Within it you will find a wealth of visual and textual resources: paintings, coins, weapons, jewellery and models from The British Museum's collections. Students are invited to use the room to research an area they are interested in. The more resources they use within the website, the more they will learn about this period." Visit the "Staff Room" for six lesson plans on the Mughal rulers Akbar and Babur, as well as Mughal art and architecture.

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British Rule (19th C to 1947)

India: A Historical Overview [Asia Society]
Background reading about "the people and characteristics of India's historical eras, from the early Indus River Valley civilization, through the Mughal period to present day."

South Asia, 1800-1900 A.D. [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"Established as a commercial interest in the seventeenth century, the British East India Company has become a military force by the nineteenth. A 1799 victory over Tipu Sultan of Mysore (r. 1782–99) propels further conquests in this period, and the company expands its control into Sind, Punjab, Oudh, and Burma. In each new territory, the company appoints puppet princes to govern and so a weakened Mughal dynasty survives in Delhi." With a period overview, list of key events, and ten related artworks.

South Asia, 1900 A.D.-present [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
"India struggles for independence from colonial British rule through the early twentieth century, finally gaining its freedom in 1947." With a period overview, list of key events, and seven related artworks.

TimelineThe Story of India: Freedom [PBS]
Excellent annotated timeline with text, images, and video clips throughout.

Lesson PlanThe Story of India: British Attitudes Towards India [PBS]
For middle to high school levels. Objectives: "Discuss the British perception of India and Britain’s role in the subcontinent; Examine the methods used by the British to establish and then maintain control of India." With many images and online video resources.

The British in South Asia [Victoria and Albert Museum]
A short history of the British East India Company in India. With images from the museum's collection.

British India [Manas: India and Its Neighbors]
An extensive look at the history of the British presence in India, by UCLA professor of history Vinay Lal.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, 1869-1948
Mahatma Gandhi [Manas: India and Its Neighbors]
An in-depth look at the life and legacy of Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), by UCLA professor of history Vinay Lal.

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ECONOMY, WORK, TRADE, FOREIGN RELATIONS
The South Asian Diaspora

The Desi Diaspora [Asia Society]
"This essay describes the world events and many adversities that shaped overseas Indians' sense of unity and identity over the past two centuries."

Primary SourceEchoes of Freedom: South Asian Pioneers in California, 1899-1965 [The Library, University of California, Berkeley]
"The story of early Indian immigrants to California told through photographs, documents, and publications, drawn from the South/Southeast Asia Library's rich archive of material on South Asians in North America."

Sikh Community: Over 100 Years in the Pacific Northwest [The Wing Luke Asian Museum]
"Although Sikhs have been living in the United States and Canada for over a century, the general public understands little about the Sikh faith and the community's long-standing roots in the Pacific Northwest. The first Sikh immigrants arrived in this region in the late 1800s, working in lumber mills and constructing railroads." Five topics, with many images: 1) Sikhism (history); 2) Life in the Pacific Northwest; 3) Distinguished Community Leaders; 4) Mis-Identity; 5) Being Sikh in a Western World.

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SOCIETY
Women

Primary Source + Lesson Plan + DBQ Sati [Women in World History, Center for History and New Media, George Mason University]
A teaching module about sati, "the ritual of self-immolation or self-sacrifice by a Hindu widow on her husband’s pyre." With eleven primary source documents dating from 1667 to 1901. With a lesson plan for high school students and a document based question (DBQ).

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ART AND MUSIC
Painting

The Mughal Court Paintings [Asia Society]
A discussion of materials and techniques of South Asian court painting from 1600-1900.

Nineteenth-Century Court Arts in India [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
An overview of political, cultural, and artistic developments in 19th-century India. With eight images of related artwork.

Company Painting in Nineteenth-Century India [Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art]
A discussion of "Company" paintings produced by Indian artists for employees of the British East India Company. With eight images of related artwork.

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© 2009 Asia for Educators, Columbia University